Federal Voting Rights In Puerto Rico

While women are attending college at a higher rate than men (56 percent of four-year-college enrollees were women in 2017), enrollment figures don’t match their share of student loan debt. And of course, a persistent wage gap makes it harder to pay off debt.

Hispano-Roman is used to refer to the culture and people of Hispania. Hispanic culture is a set of customs, traditions, beliefs and art forms which are generally shared by peoples in Hispanic regions, but which can vary considerably from one country or territory to another.

It’s a space where they feel a sense of belonging, where they connect with other women who’ve had similar experiences“ Cucalon says. “Our participants are Latinas who immigrated to US as adults”, says Mónica Cucalón, manager of the Latinas’ Economic Empowerment Program. “They face many challenges, including a language barrier, immigration status and the cultural shock of moving to a new country where they don’t know many people and have to start, from scratch, their lives as entrepreneurs or professionals. Since the program was launched in 2014, hundreds of women have taken our courses tailored to Latina entrepreneurs. Educated women have demonstrated a better ability to keep control of her expenditures and to maintain their own economic independence, to improve household management and be able to save money and contribute more to the family income pool.

Population Growth Rate

Additionally, we could not measure lifetime exposure to abuse with the WEB. Thus, the Any IPV (BRFSS and/or WEB) and the WEB rows of the table are not included for lifetime exposure. To establish period-prevalence for each type of IPV assessed by the BRFSS questions, women were first asked if they ever experienced each particular abuse type since age 18; if they had, they were asked if the abuse occurred during the past 5 years, and during the past year. To further comment on the type of abuse women reported, we defined two categories of abuse based on the BRFSS questions. Women were defined as having experienced “physical IPV” if they reported physical and/or sexual abuse, and they were defined as having experienced “psychological IPV” if they reported threats and/or controlling behavior.

Rossina joined Union Bank in 1981, and during her tenure, she has served in various positions in small business lending, Special Assets management and Multicultural Markets. Prior to 2020, Rossina managed the charitable contributions and community outreach in Orange County, San Diego and the Inland Empire; thus, making her familiar with the issues affecting http://zumba.kickfitvietnam.com/2020/07/03/the-birth-of-dominican-girl/ most markets in Southern California. Rossina Gallegos facilitates and manages the charitable contribution and the Foundation grant making for Los Angeles and Orange County. She also implements strategies, tactics and programs to maximize the talent and availability of Union Bank employees with the needs of low-and moderate-income communities.

Hispanic women are much more likely than non-Hispanic women to live in poverty. Many times they lack the education, experience and skills – even the self-confidence – to pursue gainful and stable income; thus the Latina immigrant has the immense potential of improving her economic situation, as well as that of her family and become agent of change. In an industry that has yet to level the playing field regarding women’s roles behind the camera, Gloria Calderón Kellett, executive producer and showrunner, continues to break the infamous glass ceilings for Latina women in Hollywood. Most recently, she inked a three year deal with Amazon Studios that makes her the first female Latinx writer and creator to sign an eight-figure contract.

Santa Fe, New Mexico was founded in 1604, and Albuquerque was established in 1660. El Paso was founded in 1659, San Antonio in 1691, Laredo, Texas in 1755, San Diego in 1769, San Francisco in 1776, San Jose, California in 1777, New Iberia, Louisiana in 1779, and Los Angeles in 1781. For this reason, many generations have largely maintained their cultural traditions and Spanish language well before the United States was created. However, Spanish-speaking persons in many Hispanic areas in the U.S. amounted to only a few thousand people when they became part of the United States; a large majority of current Hispanic residents are descended from Hispanics who entered the United States in the mid-to-late 20th and early 21st centuries.

  • The Puerto Rico Supreme Court affirmed that Puerto Rican citizenship identifies the persons that have it as integral members of the Puerto Rican community, saying this is the integral juridical tie between the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and their citizens.
  • Since 2007, the Government of Puerto Rico has been issuing “Certificates of Puerto Rican Citizenship” to anyone born in Puerto Rico or to anyone born outside of Puerto Rico with at least one parent who was born in Puerto Rico.
  • District Court for the District of Columbia rejected Colon’s petition for a writ of mandamus directing the Secretary of State to approve a Certificate of Loss of Nationality in the case because the plaintiff wanted to retain one of the primary benefits of U.S. citizenship while claiming he was not a U.S. citizen.
  • The Spanish Government recognizes Puerto Ricans as a people with Puerto Rican, “and not American”, citizenship.
  • The court stated that “Puerto Rican political community is defined better by the citizenship of Puerto Rico than by US citizenship. That is a fact not subject to historical rectifications and a reality which no law can change.”

This low level of electoral participation is in sharp contrast with voting levels in Puerto Rico, which are much higher than that not only of this community, but also the United States as a whole. The Puerto Rican community has organized itself to represent its interests in stateside political institutions for close to a century. In New York City, Puerto Ricans first began running for public office in the 1920s.

Orlando and to a lesser degree Philadelphia and Tampa have witnessed large increases in their Puerto Rican populations between 2010 and 2013 and now have some of the fastest growing Puerto Rican populations in the country. According to the Pew Research Center, Puerto Rican arrivals from the island since 2000 are also less well off than earlier migrants, with lower household incomes and a greater likelihood of living in poverty. After Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico in September 2017, devastating the infrastructure of the island, New York, Florida and New Jersey were expected to be the three likeliest destinations for Puerto Rican migrants to the U.S. mainland, when premised upon family ties. New York State has resumed its net in-migration of Puerto Rican Americans since 2006, a dramatic reversal from being the only state to register a decrease in its Puerto Rican population between 1990 and 2000.

In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted. The potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, and restraints of current technology.

But most, especially among younger generations, speak Spanish as a first language and Arabic as a second. Currently the strongest community is the Palestinian , followed by the Lebanese settled in San Salvador with more than 27,000 direct descendants, mostly (95%) Catholic and Orthodox Christians. The slaughter of Lebanese and Palestinian Arab Christians at the hands of Muslims, initiated the first Lebanese migration to El Salvador. The history of the Arabs in El Salvador dates back to the end of the 19th century, because of religious clashes, which induced many Palestinians, Lebanese, Egyptians and Syrians to leave the land where they were born, in search of countries where they at least lived in An atmosphere of relative peace.

We collected data with the audio computer-assisted self-interviewing method, chosen to enhance confidentiality and participants’ comfort levels and to increase comprehension among women with low literacy. Participants completed the baseline surveys immediately before random assignment to the study conditions. Each assessment was implemented in Spanish and took approximately 45 minutes. Data collectors secured the interview data and were blinded to women’s assignment to the intervention arms. Session 1 of AMIGAS emphasized ethnic, cultural, and gender pride.

The Series emphasis is in creating a solid business foundation that will allow Latinas to take their business to the next level. We relied on self-report data, had a relatively short follow-up, were unable to assess condom use by partner type, and lacked objective and quantifiable biological outcomes, such as incident sexually transmitted infections, to assess intervention efficacy. Future trials of HIV interventions conducted with ethnically diverse samples of Latina women would benefit by addressing these limitations. bAdjusted for baseline value of the outcome variable and having health insurance; comparison intervention was the referent for computing the AOR. To assess the efficacy of AMIGAS, we surveyed participants at baseline and at 3- and 6-month postintervention follow-ups.

Race

Latina Equal Pay Day — the day when Latina pay catches up to that of white, non-Hispanic men from the previous year — is being observed likely in November of 2020. Of the 73 women serving in statewide elective executive offices, six are Latina.