A state-directed economy is a system the place either the state or employee cooperatives own the technique of production, but financial exercise is directed to a point by a authorities company or planning ministry via mechanisms similar to indicative planning or dirigisme. However, the state will plan long-time period strategic investment and a few aspect of production. It is possible for a state-directed economy to have parts of each a market and deliberate economic system.
The following is a brief overview of the main points which have generated or are generating vital controversy amongst socialists normally. After the arrival of Karl Marx’s principle of capitalism and scientific socialism, socialism got here to discuss with possession and administration of the technique of manufacturing by the working class, either through the state equipment or by way of unbiased cooperatives. “Traditional dialects of Danish and the de-dialectalization 1900–2000”. International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Traditional dialects are actually principally extinct in Denmark, with only the oldest generations nonetheless talking them.
In the 18th century, Danish philology was superior by Rasmus Rask, who pioneered the disciplines of comparative and historical linguistics, and wrote the first English-language grammar of Danish. Literary Danish continued to develop with the works of Ludvig Holberg, whose plays and historic and scientific works laid the foundation for the Danish literary canon. With the Danish colonization of Greenland by Hans Egede, Danish grew to become the administrative and religious language there, whereas Iceland and the Faroe Islands had the status of Danish colonies with Danish as an official language till the mid-20th century.
In Zealand, the transition from three to 2 genders has happened pretty lately. West of the purple line, the particular article goes before the word as in English or German; east of the line it takes the type of a suffix. The extra widespread of the 2 varieties of written Norwegian, Bokmål, may be very close to Danish, as a result of normal Danish was used because the de facto administrative language until 1814 and one of the official languages of Denmark-Norway.
Following the first Bible translation, the development of Danish as a written language, as a language of faith, administration, and public discourse accelerated. Major authors from this period are Thomas Kingo, poet and psalmist, and Leonora Christina Ulfeldt, whose novel Jammersminde (Remembered Woes) is considered a literary masterpiece by students.
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In Maoist thought, “political power comes from the barrel of the gun” (one of Mao’s quotes), and the peasantry could be mobilized to undertake a “people’s warfare” of armed wrestle involving guerrilla warfare. The dominant forms of communism are primarily based on Marxism, however non-Marxist variations of communism corresponding to anarcho-communism and Christian communism also exist. Examples of socialist market economies embody the socialist market financial system with Chinese traits and the socialist-oriented market economic system. Examples of decentralized democratic planning include council communism, individualist anarchism, industrial democracy, participatory economics, Soviet democracy and syndicalism.
The Jutlandic Law and Scanian Law had been written in vernacular Danish in the early thirteenth century. Beginning in 1350, Danish began to be used as a language of administration, and new kinds cute danish girls of literature began to be written in the language, corresponding to royal letters and testaments.
Standard Danish (rigsdansk) is the language based mostly on dialects spoken in and around the capital, Copenhagen. Unlike Swedish and Norwegian, Danish does not have more than one regional speech norm. More than 25% of all Danish audio system stay in the metropolitan space of the capital, and most government agencies, establishments, and major businesses hold their main offices in Copenhagen, which has resulted in a really homogeneous nationwide speech norm. The distribution of one, two, and three grammatical genders in Danish dialects.
Orthography was still not standardized and the principles for doing so were vigorously discussed amongst Danish philologists. The grammar of Jens Pedersen Høysgaard was the first to offer a detailed evaluation of Danish phonology and prosody, including a description of the stød. In the medieval interval, Danish emerged as a separate language from Swedish. The major written language was Latin, and the few Danish-language texts preserved from this period are written in the Latin alphabet, though the runic alphabet appears to have lingered in well-liked usage in some areas. The primary text types written in this interval are legal guidelines, which had been formulated in the vernacular language to be accessible additionally to those that were not latinate.
Bokmål is based on Danish, not like the other variety of Norwegian, Nynorsk, which is based on the Norwegian dialects, with Old Norwegian as an essential reference level. Danish is the nationwide language of Denmark and considered one of two official languages of the Faroe Islands (alongside Faroese). Until 2009, it had additionally been certainly one of two official languages of Greenland (alongside Greenlandic). Danish was an official language in Iceland till 1944, but is today nonetheless extensively used and is a mandatory subject in class taught as a second international language after English, Iceland was a ruled territory of Denmark-Norway, the place Danish was one of the official languages.
State-directed socialism can even check with technocratic socialism—economic systems that rely on technocratic management and technocratic planning mechanisms, along with public ownership of the technique of production. A forerunner of this idea was Henri de Saint-Simon, who understood the state would endure a transformation in a socialist system and change its position from one of “political administration of men, to the administration of things”.
For example, manufacturing and funding decisions could also be semi-deliberate by the state, but distribution of output may be decided by the market mechanism. Although they share a standard root (as elaborated upon within the above sections), faculties of socialism are divided on many issues and generally there’s a cut up within a school.
Economy Of Denmark
The orthography on this period was not standardized nor was the spoken language, and the regional laws show the dialectal differences between the areas during which they have been written. From the seventh century, the widespread Norse language started to undergo modifications that didn’t spread to all of Scandinavia, resulting within the look of two dialect areas, Old West Norse (Norway and Iceland) and Old East Norse (Denmark and Sweden). Most of the changes separating East Norse from West Norse began as innovations in Denmark, that spread through Scania into Sweden and by maritime contact to southern Norway. A change that separated Old East Norse (Runic Swedish/Danish) from Old West Norse was the change of the diphthong æi (Old West Norse ei) to the monophthong e, as in stæin to sten.